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 اللسان 235676

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تاريخ التسجيل : 21/04/2016

مُساهمةموضوع: اللسان 235676   الإثنين فبراير 12, 2018 1:34 pm

الكَلامُ /Speaking

1ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ: إنّ الرَّجُلَ لَيتكَلَّمُ بالكَلِمَةِ مِن رِضوانِ اللهِ‏ِ ما كانَ يَظُنُّ أن تَبلُغَ ما بَلَغَت يَكتُبُ اللهُ‏ُ تَعالَى لَهُ بِها رِضوَانَهُ إلَى يَومِ يَلقاهُ، وإنّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَتكلَّمُ بالكَلِمَةِ مِن سَخَطِ اللهِ‏ِ ما كانَ يَظُنُّ أن تَبلُغَ ما بَلَغَت يَكتُبُ اللهُ‏ُ لَهُ بِها سَخَطَهُ إلَى يَومِ يَلقاهُ.

1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A person speaks something pleasing Allah, not thinking it will reach anywhere, and Allah writes for it His satisfaction until the day he meets Him, and a person speaks something that displeases Allah not thinking it will reach anywhere, and Allah writes for him His discontentment until the day he meets Him.’[al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 537, no. 45] 

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: رُبَّ قَولٍ أنفَذُ مِن‏ صَولٍ.

2– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Many a word is more effective than an assault.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 394] 

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: صُورَةُ المرأةِ في وَجهِها، وصُورَةُ الرَّجُلِ في مَنطِقِهِ.

3– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The attraction of a woman is in her face and the attraction of a man is in his speech.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 293, no. 63] 

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: رُبَّ كلامٍ أنفَذُ مِن سِهامٍ.

4– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Many a word is more effective than an arrow.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5322] 

5ـ سُئلَ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ أيُّ شَيءٍ مِمّا خَلقَ اللهُ‏ُ أحسَنُ ؟ فَقالَ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكَلامُ، فَقِيلَ: أيُّ شَيءٍ مِمّا خَلَقَ اللهُ‏ُ أقبَحُ؟ قالَ: الكَلامُ، ثُمّ قالَ: بِالكلامِ ابيَضَّتِ الوُجُوهُ، وبالكَلامِ اسوَدَّتِ الوُجُوهُ .

5– Tuhaf al-`Auqul: He [Ali] (AS) was asked, ‘What is the best thing that Allah has created?’ He (AS) said, ‘Speech.’ He was then asked, ‘What is the worst thing that Allah has created?’ He said, ‘Speech.’ Then he said, ‘With speech faces are whitened [illuminated] and with speech faces are blackened.’ [Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, p. 216] 

التَّحذيرُ مِنَ الكَلامِ الهَجينِ /Warning of Offensive Speech

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إيّاكَ وما يُستَهجَنُ مِن الكَلامِ؛ فإنّهُ يَحبِسُ عَلَيكَ اللِّئامَ ويُنَفِّرُ عَنكَ الكِرامَ .

6– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Beware of using offensive speech, for it confines you to vile people and dispels honourable people from you.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2722] 

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إيّاكَ ومُستَهجَنَ الكَلامِ؛ فَإنّهُ يُوغِرُ القَلبَ.

7– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Beware of offensive speech, for it harbours hatred in the heart.’[] 

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: مَن ساءَ كَلامُهُ كَثُرُ مَلامُهُ.

8– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘He whose speech is bad is blamed more.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8496] 

9ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: سُنَّةُ اللِّئامِ قُبحُ الكَلامِ.

9– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The habit of the vile is vulgar speech.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5551] 

الحَثُّ عَلَى تَركِ مَا لا يَعني مِنَ الكَلامِ /Encouragement of Refraining from Speech that does not Concern Oneself

10ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ: مِن فِقهِ الرَّجُلِ قِلَّةُ كَلامِهِ فِيمَا لا يَعنيهِ.

10– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘An intelligent man lessens his speech in things that do not concern him.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 55, no. 28] 

11ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ: أكثَرُ النّاسِ ذُنُوباً أكثَرُهُم كَلاماً فِيمَا لا يَعنيهِ.

11– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The people with the most sins are those who speak the most about things that do not concern them.’ [al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 540, no. 51] 

12ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ: إنّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَدنُو مِنَ الجَنَّةِ حَتّى مَا يَكُونُ بَينَهُ وبَينَها إلّا قِيدُ رُمحٍ، فيَتَكلَّمُ بالكَلِمَةِ فَيَتباعَدُ مِنهَا أبعَدَ مِن صَنعاءَ .

12– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A person comes so close to Heaven until there remains only a spear’s throw between it and him, and then he says something, thereby distancing him farther away than Sinai.’ [al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 537, no. 46] 

13ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ لَمّا مَرَّ برَجُلٍ يَتكَلَّمُ بِفُضُولِ الكَلامِ ـ: إنّك تُملِي عَلَى حافِظَيكَ كِتاباً إلَى رَبِّكَ، فَتَكَلَّمْ بِمَا يَعنيكَ ودَعْ ما لا يَعنِيكَ .

13– Imam Ali (AS), walking past a person speaking meddlesomely, said, ‘You dictate to your two angels the book inscribed for your Lord, so speak about issues that concern you and leave whatever does not concern you.’ [Amali al-Saduq, p. 37, no. 4] 

14ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: عَجِبتُ لِمَن يَتكلَّمُ بِمَا لا يَنفَعُهُ في دُنياهُ ولا يُكتَبُ لَهُ أجرُهُ في اُخراهُ.

14– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘It surprises me that someone should speak about things that neither benefit him in this world, nor will any reward be written for him in the Hereafter.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6283] 

15ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إيّاكَ والهَذَرَ؛ فَمَن كَثُرَ كَلامُهُ كَثُرَت آثامُهُ.

15– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Beware of prattle, for he who speaks a lot will have a lot of sins.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2637] 

16ـ الإمامُ الحسَينُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ لإبنِ عبّاسٍ ـ: لا تَتَكَلَّمَنَّ فِيمَا لا يَعنِيكَ فَإنّي أخَافُ عَلَيكَ الوِزرَ، ولا تَتكَلَّمَنَّ فِيمَا يَعنِيكَ حَتّى تَرَى لِلكَلامِ مَوضِعاً.

16– Imam Husayn (AS) said to Ibn `Aabbas, ‘Do not speak about things that do not concern you, for I fear for you the burden [of sin], and do not speak about things that concern you until you find speaking to be appropriate.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 127, no. 10] 

17ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: العالِمُ لا يَتَكلَّمُ بالفُضُولِ.

17– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘The knowledgeable one does not speak meddlesomely.’[Mustadrak al-Wasa`il, v. 9, p. 33, no. 10127] 

ذَمُّ فُضولِ الكَلامِ/The Censure of Meddlesome Speech

18ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إيّاكَ وفَضُولَ الكَلامِ ؛ فإنّهُ يُظهِرُ مِن عُيُوبِكَ ما بَطَنَ، ويُحَرِّكُ عَلَيكَ مِن أعدائِكَ ما سَكَنَ.

18– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Beware of meddlesome speech, for it exposes your faults that were hidden and provokes your enemies who were silent.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2720] 

19ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: طُوبى لِمَن ... أنفَقَ الفَضلَ مِن مَالِهِ، وأمسَكَ الفَضلَ مِن لِسانِهِ.

19– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Blessed be he who…donates the excess from his money, and retains the excess in his speech.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 123] 

النَّهيُ عَن كَثرَةِ الكَلامِ /The Prohibition of Speaking Excessively

20ـ الخضرُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ مِن وَصاياهُ لِمُوسَى عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ: لا تَكُونَنَّ مِكثاراً بالنُطقِ مِهذاراً، فَإنّ كَثرَةَ النُّطقِ تَشِينُ العُلَماءَ، وتُبدِي مَساوِيَ السُّخَفاءِ .

20– Prophet Khizr (AS), in his advice to Prophet Moses (AS) said, ‘Do not be talkative and a prattler in speaking, for excessive speech disgraces the knowledgeable and shows up the faults of the foolish.’ [Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 44176] 

21ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ: لا تُكثِرُوا الكَلامَ بغَيرِ ذِكرِ اللهِ؛ فإنَّ كَثرَةَ الكَلامِ بغَيرِ ذِكرِ اللهِ‏ِ قَسوَةُ القَلبِ، إنّ أبعَدَ النّاسِ مِن اللهِ‏ِ القَلبُ القاسِي .

21– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Do not speak a lot without the remembrance of Allah, for excessive speech without the remembrance of Allah hardens the heart. The farthest of people away from Allah are the hard-hearted.’ [Amali al-Tusi, p. 3, no. 1] 

22ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إيّاكَ وكَثرَةَ الكَلامِ؛ فإنّهُ يُكثِرُ الزَّلَلَ ويُورِثُ المَلَلَ .

22– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Beware of speaking too much, for it increases mistakes and engenders boredom.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2680] 

23ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إذا تَمَّ العَقلُ نَقَصَ الكلامُ .

23– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘When the intellect is completed speaking decreases.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 290, no. 62] 

24ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكلامُ في وَثاقِكَ مَا لم تَتَكلَّمْ بهِ، فَإذا تَكَلَّمتَ بهِ صِرتَ في وَثاقِهِ، فَاخزُنْ لِسانَكَ كما تَخزُنُ ذَهَبَكَ ووَرِقَكَ، فَرُبَّ كَلِمَةٍ سَلَبَت نِعمَةً وجَلَبَت نِقمَةً .

24– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Your speech is in your shackle [power] as long as you do not speak, and when you speak you become shackled by it. So, guard your tongue like you guard your gold and papers, for many a word snatches away a blessing and brings down vengeance.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 381] 

25ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إذا تَكَلَّمتَ بالكَلِمَةِ مَلَكَتكَ، وإذا أمسَكتَها مَلَكتَها.

25– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘If you speak a word it possesses you and if you withhold it you possess it.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4084] 

26ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: مَن عَلِمَ أنّ كلامَهُ مِن عَمَلِهِ قلّ كلامُهُ إلّا فيما يَعنيهِ.

26– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘He who knows that his words form part of his actions, his words lessen except in that which concerns him.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 349] 

27ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا تَقُلْ ما لا تَعلَمُ، بَل لا تَقُلْ كُلَّ ما تَعلَمُ، فإنَّ اللهَ‏َ فَرَضَ عَلَى جَوارِحِكَ كُلِّها فَرائضَ يَحتَجُّ بِها علَيكَ يَومَ القِيامَةِ.

27– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Do not say what you do not know, or rather, do not say everything you know, for Allah prescribed obligations upon your body parts which He will use as proof against you on the Day of Resurrection .’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 382] 

28ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكَلامُ كالدَّواءِ؛ قَليلُهُ يَنفَعُ، وكَثيرُهُ قاتِلٌ.

28– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Speech is like medicine; a little bit of it benefits, and a lot of it kills.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2182] 

29ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكَلامُ بَينَ خَلَّتَي سَوءٍ، هُما: الإكثارُ والإقلالُ، فَالإكثارُ هَذَرٌ، والإقلالُ عِيٌّ وحَصَرٌ .

29– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘[Balanced] Speech is between two attributes of badness, which are: excessive and too little [speech]; too much is prattle and too little is stammering and hesitation.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1854] 

30ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إنّي لِأكْرَهُ أن يَكُونَ مِقدارُ لِسانِ الرَّجُلِ فاضِلاً عَلَى مِقدارِ عِلمِهِ، كَما أكرَهُ أن يَكُونَ مِقدارُ عِلمِهِ فاضِلاً عَلَى مِقدارِ عَقلِهِ.

30– Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘I hate for the size of a person’s tongue to exceed his knowledge, just as I hate the extent of a person’s knowledge to exceed the extent of his intellect.’ [Sharh Nahj al-Balagha li Ibn Abi al-Hadid, v. 7, p. 92] 

31ـ الإمامُ الهاديُّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الجاهِلُ أسيرُ لِسانِهِ .

31– Imam al-Hadi (AS) said, ‘The ignorant person is the prisoner of his own tongue.’ [al-Durra al-Bahira, p. 41] 

فَضلُ الكَلامِ والسُّكوتِ /The Merit of Speaking and Silence

32ـ سُئِلَ عليُّ بنُ الحُسَين عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ عنِ الكَلامِ والسُّكوتِ أيُّهُما أفضَلُ؟ فَقالَ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لكُلِّ واحِدٍ مِنهُما آفاتٌ، فَإذا سَلِما مِن الآفاتِ فَالكلامُ أفضَلُ مِن السُّكُوتِ. قيلَ: كَيفَ ذلِكَ يابنَ رَسِولِ اللهِ!‏ِ؟ قالَ: لأنَّ اللهَ‏َ عَزَّ وجلَّ ما بَعَثَ الأنبياءَ والأوصياءَ بالسُّكُوتِ، إنّما بَعَثَهُم بالكلامِ، ولا استُحِقَّتِ الجَنّةُ بالسُّكُوتِ، ولا استُوجِبَت وَلايَةُ اللهِ‏ِ بالسُّكُوتِ، ولا تُوُقِّيَتِ النّارُ بالسُّكُوتِ، إنَّما ذلِكَ كُلُّهُ بالكَلامِ.

32– Imam Zayn al-Abidin (AS), when asked about which of speaking or silence was better, said, ‘For each of these two there are harms, and when they are both safe from harm, speaking is better than keeping quiet.’ They asked him, ‘How is this so, O son of the Prophet (SAWA)?’ He said, ‘Because Allah Almighty did not send prophets and successors to remain quiet, rather He sent them with speech, nor is Heaven earned by silence, nor is quietness obligated for the vicegerency of Allah, and nor is protection from Hell sought through silence. This is all possible through speech.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 274, no. 1] 

33ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: النُّطقُ راحَةٌ للرُّوحِ ، والسُّكُوتُ رَاحَةٌ لِلعَقلِ.

33– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Speech is comfort for the soul, and silence is comfort for the intellect.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 276, no. 6] 

فَضلُ السُّكُوتَ عَلَى الكَلامِ /The Merit of Silence over Speaking

34ـ لقمانُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ لإبنِهِ: يا بُنَيَّ! إن كُنتَ زَعَمتَ أنَّ الكَلامَ مِن فِضَّةٍ فإنَّ السُّكُوتَ مِن ذَهَبٍ .

34– Luqman (AS) said to his son, ‘O son, if you thought that speech is silver, then silence is golden.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 114, no. 6] 

35ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ: لا يَنبَغي لِلعالِمِ أن‏يَسكُتَ عَلَى عِلمِهِ ولا يَنبَغي لِلجَاهِلِ أن يَسكُتَ عَلَى جَهلِهِ ، قالَ اللهُ‏ُ تَعالَى: «فَاسْأ لُوا أهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إن كُنتُم لا تَعلَمُونَ».

35– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A scholar should not be silent in spite of having knowledge, and an ignorant man should remain silent for his ignorance, as Allah Almighty has said "Ask the People of the Reminder if you do not know." [Qur’an 16][Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 29264] 

36ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ: السُّكُوتُ خَيرٌ مِن إملاءِ الشَّرِّ، وإملاءُ الخَيرِ خَيرٌ مِن السُّكُوتِ.

36– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Silence is better than dictating evil, and dictating good is better than silence.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 294, no. 64] 

37ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا خَيرَ في الصَّمتِ عَنِ الحُكمِ، كَما أنّه لا خَيرَ في القَولِ بِالجَهلِ.

37– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘There is no good in silence over a verdict, as there is also no good in speaking with ignorance.’ [Sharh Nahj al-Balagha li Ibn Abi al-Hadid, v. 19, p. 9] 

38ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: كُلُّ سُكُوتٍ لَيسَ فيهِ فِكرٌ فَهُو غَفلَةٌ.

38- Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Any silence that is devoid of thought is inattentiveness.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 275, no. 2] 

39ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: صَمتٌ يُكسِبُكَ الوَقارَ خَيرٌ مِن كلامٍ يَكسُوكَ العارَ.

39– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Silence that earns you dignity is better than speaking that covers you with shame.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5867] 

40ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه‏السلام: لا يَزالُ العَبدُ المؤمِنُ يُكتَبُ مُحسِناً مَادامَ ساكِتاً، فإذا تَكَلَّمَ كُتِبَ مُحسِناً أو مُسِيئاً.

40– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘A believing servant will continue to be written as righteous as long as he is quiet, and when he speaks he is written as either righteous or a wrongdoer.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 116, no. 21] 

أحسَنُ الكَلامِ /The Best of Speech

41ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ: أحسَنُ الكلامِ كلامُ اللهِ‏ِ .

41– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The best of speech is the speech of Allah.’ [Sunan al-Nasai, v. 3, p. 58] 

42ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: أحسَنُ الكلامِ ما لا تَمُجُّهُ الآذانُ ولا يُتعِبُ فَهمُهُ الأفهامَ.

42– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The best of speech is that which is not thrown out by the ears, nor is its understanding tiring for people.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3371] 

43ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: أحسَنُ الكلامِ مازانَهُ حُسنُ النِّظامِ، وفَهِمَهُ الخاصُّ والعامُّ.

43– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The best of speech is that which is adorned by a good structure, and is understood by both the elite and the laymen.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3304] 

44ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: خَيرُ الكلامِ مَا لا يُمِلُّ ولا يَقِلُّ.

44– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The best of speech is that which neither bores.’ [due to its length] and nor is it too brief.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4979]] 

فَضلُ طِيبِ الكَلامِ /The Merit of Kind Speech

45ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ ـ لمّا سَألَهُ رجُلٌ عَن أفضَلِ‏ الأعمالِ ـ: إطعامُ الطَّعامِ، وإطيابُ الكلامِ .

45– The Prophet (SAWA), when a man asked him about the best of actions, said, ‘The feeding of food and speaking well.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 312, no. 12] 

46ـ الإمامُ زَينُ العابِدينَ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: القَولُ الحَسَنُ يُثرِي المالَ، ويُنمِي الرِّزقَ، ويُنسِئُ في الأجَلِ، ويُحَبِّبُ إلَى الأهلِ، ويُدخِلُ الجَنَّةَ .

46– Imam Zayn al-Abidin (AS) said, ‘Beautiful speech makes wealth thrive, increases sustenance, delays death, brings love in the family, and makes one enter Heaven.’[Amali al-Saduq, p. 12, no. 1] 

47ـ الإمامُ الباقِرُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ في قَولِ اللهِ‏ِ عَزَّ وجلَّ: «وقُولُوا لِلنّاسِ حُسْناً»ـ: قُولُوا لِلنّاسِ أحسَنَ ما تُحِبُّونَ أن يُقالَ فِيكُم .

47– Imam al-Baqir (AS), with regard to Allah’s verse: "And speak kindly to people" said, ‘Say to people the best of what you like to be said to you.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 165, no. 10] 

48ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: مَعاشِرَ الشِّيعَةِ! كُونُوا لَنا زَينَاً ولا تَكُونُوا عَلَينا شَينَاً، قُولُوا لِلنّاسِ حُسناً، واحفَظُوا ألسِنَتَكُم، وكُفُّوها عَنِ الفُضُولِ وقَبيحِ القَولِ.

48– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘O followers (shi`aa) of ours, be an adornment for us and do not be a disgrace to us. Speak well to people, protect your tongues, and prevent it from futile and vulgar speech.’ [Amali al-Saduq, p. 327, no. 17] 



رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ ـ لأبي ذَرٍّ وهو يَعِظُهُ ـ: أربَعٌ لا يُصِيبُهُنَّ إلّا مُؤمنٌ: الصَّمتُ وهُو أوَّلُ العِبادَةِ....

1– The Prophet (SAWA) said to Abu Dharr, exhorting him, ‘There are four things that none can accomplish apart from the believer: silence, and this is the first stage of worship…’ [Makarim al-Akhlaq, v. 2, no. 377] 

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الصَّمتُ آيَةُ النُّبلِ وثَمَرَةُ العَقلِ.

2– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Silence is the sign of nobility and the fruit of the intellect.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1343] 

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ في صِفةِ المؤمِنِ ـ: كَثيرٌ صَمتُهُ، مَشغُولٌ وَقتُـهُ.

3– Imam Ali (AS) said, describing the believer, ‘Great is his silence and occupied is his time.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 333] 

ثَمَراتُ الصَّمتِ /The Fruits of Silence

4ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: علَيكَ بطُولِ الصَّمتِ فإنّهُ مَطرَدَةٌ لِلشَّيطانِ، وعَونٌ لكَ علَى أمرِ دِينِكَ.

4– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘You must maintain silence for long periods of time for verily it drives Satan away and helps you in matters of your faith.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 279, no. 19] 

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: اِلزَمِ الصَّمتَ فَأدنَى نَفعِهِ السَّلامَةُ .

5– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Adhere to silence for the very least of its benefits is health.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2314] 

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الصَّمتُ رَوضَةُ الفِكرِ.

6– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Silence is the garden of thought.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 546] 

7ـ الإمامُ الحسنُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: قَد أكثَرَ مِن الهَيبَةِ الصّامِتُ .

7– Imam al-Hasan (AS) said, ‘Indeed the silent one has great earnestness.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 113, no. 7] 

8ـ الإمامُ الحسنُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: نِعمَ العَونُ الصَّمتُ في مَواطِنَ كَثيرَةٍ وإن كُنتَ فَصِيحاً.

8– Imam al-Hasan (AS) said, ‘How excellent an aid silence is in numerous situations, even if one be an expressive person.’ [Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 401, no. 62] 

9ـ الإمامُ الرِّضا عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إنَّ الصَّمتَ بابٌ مِن أبوابِ الحِكمَةِ، إنَّ الصَّمتَ يُكسِبُ المَحَبَّةَ إنّه دَليلٌ علَى كُلِّ خَيرٍ.

9– Imam al-Rida (AS) said, ‘Verily silence is one of the doors to wisdom; verily silence secures love; verily it leads one to all good.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 113, no. 1] 

الصَّمتُ المَمدُوحُ /Blameworthy Silence

10ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا خَيرَ في الصَّمتِ عَنِ الحُكمِ، كَما أنّهُ لا خَيرَ في القَولِ بِالجَهلِ.

10– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘There is no good in keeping silent about a matter of wisdom, just as there is no good in speaking about something one is ignorant of.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 182] 

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ في عَلامةِ المُتَّقي ـ: إن صَمَتَ لَم يَغُمَّهُ، وإن ضَحِكَ لَم يَعلُ صَوتُهُ.

11– Imam Ali (AS) said about the distinguishing characteristics of the pious one, ‘Verily when he is silent, his own silence does not distress him, and when he laughs he does not do so loudly.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, sermon 193] 




رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: مَرَرتُ لَيلةَ اُسرِيَ بي علَى قَومٍ يَخمِشُونَ وُجُوهَهُم بأظفارِهمِ، فَقُلتُ: يا جَبرَئيلُ! مَن هؤلاءِ؟ فَقالَ: هؤلاءِ الّذينَ يَغتابُونَ النّاسَ ويَقَعُونَ في أعراضِهِم.

1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘On the night that I was taken on my Night-Journey [to the heavens], I passed by a group of people scratching their own faces with their nails, so I asked, ‘O Gabriel, who are these people?’ so he replied, ‘These are people who backbit about other people and disparaged their reputations.’ [Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 115] 

2ـ الترغيب والترهيب: قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: الغِيبَةُ أشَدُّ مِن الزِّنا، قِيلَ: وكَيفَ؟ قالَ: الرَّجلُ يَزنِي ثُمّ يَتُوبُ فَيَتُوبُ اللهُ عَلَيهِ، وإنَّ صاحِبَ الغِيبَةِ لايُغفَرُ لَهُ حَتّى يَغفِرَ لَهُ صاحِبُهُ.

2– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Backbiting is worse than adultery’, at which he was asked, ‘How so?’ He replied, ‘A man commits adultery, then repents, and Allah pardons him for it, whereas the backbiter is not forgiven until his victim forgives him.’ [al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 511, no. 24] 

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الغِيبَةُ جُهدُ العاجِزِ.

3– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Backbiting is the attempt of one who is incapable [of doing better himself].’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 461] 

4ـ الإمامُ‏ الحسَينُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ لِرجُلٍ اغتابَ عِندَهُ رَجُلاً ـ: يا هَذا! كُفَّ عَنِ الغِيبَةِ؛ فَإنّها إدامُ كِلابِ النّارِ .

4– Imam al-Husayn (AS) said to a man who was backbiting about a man in his presence, ‘Stop backbiting, for verily it is the food of the dogs of Hell.’ [Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 245] 

5ـ الإمامُ الصّادِقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا تَغتَبْ فتُغتَبُ، ولا تَحفِرْ لِأخِيكَ حُفرَةً فَتَقَعَ فِيهَا؛ فإنَّكَ كَما تَدينُ تُدانُ .

5– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Do not backbite lest you become a victim of backbiting, and do not dig a hole for your brother lest you fall in it yourself, for you will be paid back whatever you put in.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 249, no. 16] 

6ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: قالَ رَجُلٌ لِعليِّ بنِ الحسَينِ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إنَّ فُلاناً يَنسُبُكَ إلَى أنّكَ ضالٌّ مُبتَدِعٌ! فَقالَ لَهُ عليُّ بنُ الحسَينِ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: ما رَعَيتَ حقَّ مُجالَسَةِ الرَّجُلِ حَيثُ نَقَلتَ إلَينا حَديثَهُ، ولا أدَّيتَ حَقِّي حَيثُ أبلَغتَني عَن أخي ما لَستُ أعلَمُهُ ! ... إيّاكَ والغِيبَةَ فَإنّها إدامُ كِلابِ النّارِ، وَاعلَمْ أنّ مَن أكثَرَ مِن ذِكرِ عُيُوبِ النّاسِ شَهِدَ عَلَيهِ الإكثارُ أنّهُ إنّما يَطلُبُها بِقَدرِ ما فِيهِ.

6– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) narrated, ‘A man once came and told Ali b. al-Husayn (AS) [i.e. Imam Zayn al-Abidin], ‘Verily x has said that you are astray and that you are an innovator!’ So Ali b. al-Husayn (AS) said to him, ‘Neither have you observed the right of the man you sat with by transmitting to us what he spoke about, nor have you observed my right by informing me of something about my brother which I would not have known! … Beware of backbiting for verily it is the food of the dogs of Hell, and know that whoever frequently talks about people’s faults, the frequency of his backbiting is a witness [to the fact] that he only finds faults in others according to the extent present in himself.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 246, no. 8] 

الغيبَةُ وَالدِّينُ /Backbiting and Faith

7ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: الغِيبَةُ أسرَعُ في دِينِ الرَّجُلِ المُسلِمِ مِنَ الآكِلَةِ في جَوفِهِ.

7– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Backbiting eats away at a man’s faith faster than a gangrenous sore can eat away to the inside.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 357, no. 1] 

8ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: مَنِ اغتابَ مُسلِماً أو مُسلِمَةً لَم يَقبَلِ اللهُ صَلاتَهُ ولاصِيامَهُ أربَعينَ يَومَاً ولَيلةً، إلّا أن يَغفِرَ لَهُ صاحِبُهُ.

8– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever backbites a fellow Muslim man or woman, Allah neither accepts his prayer nor his fasting for forty days and nights, until and unless the victim of his backbiting forgives him.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 258, no. 53] 

9ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: يُؤتَى بأحَدٍ يَومَ القِيامَةِ يُوقَفُ بَينَ يَدَيِ اللهِ ويُدفَعُ إلَيهِ كتابُهُ فَلا يَرَى حَسَناتِهِ، فَيقُولُ: إلهي! لَيسَ هَذا كتابِي! فَإنّي لا أرَى فِيهَا طاعَتِي؟! فَيُقالُ لَهُ: إنَّ رَبَّكَ لايَضِلُّ ولايَنسَى، ذَهَبَ عَمَلُكَ بِاغتِيابِ النّاسِ. ثُمّ يُؤتَى بآخَرَ ويُدفَعُ إلَيهِ كِتابُهُ فَيَرى فِيهِ طاعاتٍ كَثيرَةً، فَيقُولُ: إلهي! ما هَذا كتابِي! فإنّي مَا عَمِلتُ هَذهِ الطَّاعاتِ! فَيُقالُ: لأنَّ فَلاناً اغتابَكَ فَدُفِعَت حَسَناتُهُ إلَيكَ.

9– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘On the Day of Resurrection, a man will be brought forth to stand before Allah, and his book of deeds will be presented to him, and he will not see any of his good deeds therein, upon which he will exclaim, ‘My God, this is not my book! For verily I do not see any of my acts of obedience therein?!’ So he will be told, ‘Verily your Lord neither loses nor forgets [deeds], but your deeds have gone because of your backbiting people.’ Then another man will be brought forth, and will be presented his book of deeds, and he will see many acts of obedience recorded therein, and will exclaim, ‘My God, this is not my book! For verily I did not perform all these acts of obedience!’ and he will be told, ‘It is because so and so backbit you, so his deeds have been transferred to you.’ [Jami`a al-Akhbar, p. 412, no. 1144] 

تَفسِيرُ الغيبَةِ /The Meaning of Backbiting

10ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ ـ لأبي ذرّ ـ: .... يا أباذرٍّ! إيّاكَ والغِيبَةَ؛ فإنَّ الغِيبَةَ أشَدُّ مِن الزِّنا ... قُلتُ: يا رَسُولَ اللهِ! ومَا الغِيبَةُ؟ قالَ: ذِكرُكَ أخاكَ بِما يَكرَهُ، قُلتُ: يا رَسُولَ اللهِ! فَإن كانَ فِيهِ ذاكَ الّذي يُذكَرُ بِهِ ؟ قالَ: اِعلَمْ أنَّكَ إذا ذَكَرتَهُ بِما هُو فِيهِ فَقَدِ اغتَبتَهُ، وإذا ذَكَرتَهُ بِما لَيسَ فِيهِ فَقَد بَهَتَّهُ.

10– The Prophet (SAWA) said to Abu Dharr, ‘O Abu Dharr, beware of backbiting, for verily backbiting is worse than adultery…’ [Abu Dharr narrates], I asked, ‘O Prophet of Allah, and what is backbiting?’ to which he replied, ‘Your mentioning something about your fellow brother that he would not like.’ I asked, ‘O Prophet of Allah, and what if the thing mentioned about him was actually true about him?’ so he replied, ‘Know that if you say something about him that is true then you have indeed backbit about him, and if you what you have said is not true, then you have indeed slandered him.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 89, no. 3] 

11ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: الغِيبَةُ ذِكرُكَ أخاكَ بِما يَكرَهُ.

11– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Backbiting is to say something about your brother that he would not like.’ [Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 8024] 

12ـ الترغيب والترهيب عن عمرو بن شعيب ـ عن أبيه عن جدّه ـ: أنّهُم ذَكَرُوا عِندَ رُسِولِ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ رجُلاً فَقالُوا: لا يَأكُلُ حَتّى يُطعَمَ، ولا يَرحَلُ حَتّى يُرحَلَ لَهُ، فَقالَ النَّبيُّ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: اغتَبتُمُوهُ، فَقالُوا: يا رَسُولَ اللهِ! إنَّما حَدَّثْنا بِما فِيهِ ! قالَ: حَسبُكَ إذا ذَكَرتَ أخاكَ بِما فِيهِ.

12– `Aamr b. Shu’ayb narrated, on the authority of his father, on the authority of his grandfather, that some people spoke about a man in the presence of the Prophet (SAWA), saying, ‘He does not eat unless he is fed, and does not go out unless a mount is made ready for him.’ So the Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘You have talked about him behind his back’ to which they replied, ‘O Prophet of Allah, we have only said what is true!’ so he exclaimed, ‘It is bad enough to talk about your brother regarding what is true [let alone what is false]!’ [al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 506, no. 13] 

13ـ الإمامُ الكاظِمُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: مَن ذَكَرَ رجُلاً مِن خَلفِهِ بِما هُو فِيهِ مِمّا عَرَفَهُ النّاسُ لَم يَغتَبْهُ، ومَن ذَكَرَهُ مِن خَلفِهِ بِما هُو فِيهِ مِمّا لايَعرِفُهُ النّاسُ اغتابَهُ.

13– Imam al-Kazim (AS) said, ‘He who talks about someone behind his back, mentioning what is true about him, and what people already know, then he has not backbit about him, whereas he who talks about someone behind his back about something that is true but that people do not know about, then he has backbit about him.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 358, no. 6] 

مَن يَجُوزُ اغتِيابُهُ /People whom one is allowed to Backbite

14ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: أربَعةٌ لَيسَت غِيبَتُهُم غِيبَةً: الفاسِقُ المُعلِنُ بِفِسقِهِ، والإمامُ الكَذّابُ إن أحسَنتَ لَم يَشكُرْ وإن أسَأتَ لَم يَغفِرْ، والمُتَفَكِّهُونَ بِالاُمَّهاتِ، والخارِجُ عَنِ الجَماعَةِ الطاعِنُ علَى اُمَّتِي الشاهِرُ عَلَيهَا بسَيفِهِ.

14– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Four types of people are such that talking about them behind their backs is not considered backbiting: the immoral person who makes a public display of his immorality; the dishonest leader who, even if you were to be good to would not appreciate you and if you were to be bad to would not forgive you; those who joke about their [and others’] mothers; and one who is a dissenter, who defames my community, and draws his sword against it.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 261, no. 64] 

15ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: حَتّى مَتَى تَرعَوُونَ عَن ذِكرِ الفاجِرِ؟! اِهتِكُوهُ حَتّى يَحذَرَهُ النّاسُ.

15– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Until when will you sidestep talking about the impudent person?! Disgrace him [through disclosing his insolent acts] so that people may be on their guard against him.’ [Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 8074] 

سَماعُ الغيبَةِ/Listening to Backbiting

16ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: السامِعُ لِلغِيبَةِ كالمُغتابِ.

16– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The one who listens to backbiting is as [bad as] the backbiter.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1171] 

17ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ وقَد نَظَرَ إلَى رَجُلٍ يَغتابُ رَجُلاً عِندَ ابنِهِ الحسَنِ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ: يابُنَيَّ! نَزِّهْ سَمعَكَ عَن مِثلِ هَذا؛ فإنّهُ نَظَرَ إلَى أخبَثِ ما في وِعائهِ فَأفرَغَهُ في وِعائكَ!

17– Imam Ali (AS) saw a man backbiting someone in the presence of his son, al-Hasan (AS), to whom he said, ‘O my son, steer your hearing clear of such a person, for verily he took the most repulsive thing from his mind and poured it into yours!’ [al-Ikhtisas, p. 225] 

18ـ الإمامُ زَينُ العابِدينَ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: حَقُّ السَّمعِ تَنزيهُهُ عَن سَماعِ الغِيبَةِ، وسَماعِ ما لايَحِلُّ سَماعُهُ.

18– Imam Zayn al-Abidin (AS) said, ‘The right of the ears is to keep them pure from listening to backbiting, and from that which is unlawful to listen to.’ [al-Khisal, p. 566, no. 1] 

ثَوابُ رَدِّ الغيبَةِ /The Reward for Deterring Backbiting

19ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: مَن تَطَوَّلَ علَى أخِيهِ في غِيبةٍ سَمِعَها فِيهِ في مَجلِسٍ فَرَدَّها عَنهُ، رَدَّ اللهُ عَنهُ ألفَ بابٍ مِن السُّوءِ فِي الدُّنيا والآخِرَةِ.

19– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever does a good service to his fellow brother by deterring people from talking behind his back in a gathering where he hears them backbiting him, Allah will repel from him a thousand types of evil in this world as well as in the Hereafter.’ [Amali al-Saduq, p. 350] 

20ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: مَن اُغتِيبَ عِندَهُ أخُوهُ المسلِمُ، فَاستَطاعَ نَصرَهُ فَلَم يَنصُرْهُ، خَذَلَهُ اللهُ فِي الدُّنيا والآخِرَةِ.

20– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He in whose presence a fellow Muslim brother is talked about behind his back, and who does not defend him despite having the ability to do so, Allah disgraces him in this world as well as in the Hereafter.’ [al-Faqih, v. 4, p. 372] 

كَفّارَةُ الإغتِيابِ /The Penance for Backbiting

21ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ ـ وقَد سُئلَ عَن كَفّارَةِ الإغتِيابِ ـ: تَستَغفِرُ اللهُ لِمَنِ اغتَبتَهُ كُلَّما ذَكَرتَهُ.

21– The Prophet (SAWA) was asked about the penance for backbiting, to which he replied, ‘You must seek Allah’s forgiveness on behalf of the one you have talked about every time you remember him.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 357, no. 4] 

22ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ‏ِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: إذا اغتابَ أحَدُكُم أخاهُ فلْيَستَغفِرِ اللهَ؛ فإنَّها كَفّارَةٌ لَهُ.

22– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘When one of you backbites about his fellow brother, he must seek forgiveness from Allah for that is penance for it.’ [Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 8037] 



رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: أربَى الرِّبا الكِذبُ.
1– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The worst form of usury is lying.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 263, no. 47]
2ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: إذا كَذَبَ العَبدُ كِذبَةً تَباعَدَ المَلَكُ مِنهُ مَسيرَةَ مِيلٍ مِن نَتْنِ مَا جَاءَ بِهِ.
2– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘When a servant tells one lie, the angels distance themselves a mile away from him because of his foul smell.’ [Sharh Nahj al-Balagha li ibn Abi al-Hadid, v. 6 p. 357]
3ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: إنَّ الكِذبَ باَبٌ مِن أبوابِ النِّفاقِ.
3– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Lying is one door of the doors of hypocrisy.’ [Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 8212]
4ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: لا يَكذِبُ الكاذِبُ إلّا مِن مَهانَةِ نَفسِهِ، وأصلُ السُّخريَةِ الطُّمأنينَةُ إلَى أهلِ الكِذبِ.
4– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘A liar only lies because of his disgraceful self, and the origin of mockery is sympathising with people who lie.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 262, no. 45]
5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكِذبُ خِيانَةٌ .
5– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Lying is treachery.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 261, no. 37]
6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: شَرُّ القَولِ الكِذبُ .
6– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The most evil of speech is lying.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 84]
7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: (عَلامَةُ) الإيمانِ أن تُؤثِرَ الصِّدقَ حَيثُ يَضُرُّكَ علَى الكِذبِ حَيثُ يَنفَعُكَ .
7– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The sign of faith is that you prefer truthfulness where it is to your own detriment over lying where it is to your benefit.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 458]
8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكاذِبُ مُهانٌ ذَليلٌ .
8– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘A liar is degraded and humiliated.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 339]
9ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا سُوءَ أسوَأُ مِن الكِذبِ .
9– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘There is no bad thing worse than lying.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 259, no. 23]
10ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ لِهشامٍ وهُو يَعِظُهُ ـ: إنَّ العاقِلَ لا يَكذِبُ وإن كانَ فِيهِ هَواهُ.
10– Imam al-Kazim (AS), advising Hisham, said, ‘An intelligent person does not lie even whimsically.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 305, no. 1]
الكِذبُ وَالإيمانُ /Lying and Faith

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: جانِبُوا الكِذبَ؛ فإنّهُ مُجانِبٌ لِلإيمانِ، الصّادِقُ علَى شَفَا مَنجاةٍ وكَرامَةٍ، والكاذِبُ علَى شَرفِ مَهواةٍ ومَهانَةٍ.
11– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Cast aside lying, for it opposes faith. A truthful person is on the verge of salvation and dignity, whereas a liar is on the point of falling down and humiliation.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 86]
12ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إنَّ الكِذبَ هُوَ خَرابُ الإيمانِ.
12– Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘Lying is the wrecker of faith.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 259, no. 23]
13ـ عن الحسن بن محبوب: قُلتُ لأبي عَبدِ اللهِ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: يَكُونُ المُؤمِنُ بَخيلاً؟ قالَ: نَعَم! قُلتُ: فَيكُونُ جَباناً؟ قالَ: نَعَم! قُلتُ: فَيكُونُ كَذّاباً؟ قالَ: لا! ولا خائِناً، ثُمّ قالَ: يُجبَلُ المؤمِنُ علَى كُلِّ طَبيعَةٍ إلّا الخِيانَةَ والكِذبَ.
13– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), when asked by Hasan b. MaHbub, ‘Can a believer be miserly?’, replied, ‘Yes.’ [He said] I asked, ‘And can he be cowardly?’ The Imam replied, ‘Yes.’ I asked, ‘Can he be a liar?’ The Imam said, ‘No, and nor can he be a traitor.’ He then said, ‘A believer can be predisposed by nature for everything except treachery and lying.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 305, no. 1]
الكِذبُ مِفتاحُ كُلِّ شَرٍّ /Lying is the Key to All Evil

14ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: إنَّ الكِذبَ يَهدِي إلَى الفُجُورِ، وإنَّ الفُجُورَ يَهدِي إلَى النّارِ.
14– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Lying leads to immorality, and immorality leads to the Hellfire.’ [Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 8217]
15ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وجلَّ جَعَلَ لِلشرِّ أقفالاً، وجَعَلَ مَفاتيحَ تِلكَ الأقفالِ الشَّرابَ، والكِذبُ شَرٌّ مِن الشَّرابِ.
15– Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘Allah, Mighty and Exalted, made locks for evil, and made the keys to those locks drinking [alcohol], and lying is even worse than drinking.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 236, no. 3]
16ـ الإمامُ العَسكَريُّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: جُعِلَتِ الخَبائثُ في بَيتٍ وجُعِلَ مِفتاحُهُ الكِذبَ.
16– Imam al-‘Aaskari (AS) said, ‘The malicious sins have all been put in one house, and the key for it is lying.’ [al-Durra al-Bahira, p. 43]
الأمرُ بِتَركِ جِدِّ الكِذبِ وهَزلِهِ /The Command to Refrain from Lying, Both Seriously and Jestingly

17ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: إنَّ الكِذبَ لا يَصلَحُ مِنهُ جِدٌّ ولا هَزلٌ، ولا أن يَعِدَ الرجُلُ ابنَهُ ثُمّ لا يُنجِزَ لَهُ، إنّ الصِّدقَ يَهدِي إلَى البِرِّ، وإنَّ البِرَّ يَهدِي إلَى الجَنَّةِ، وإنّ الكِذبَ يَهدِي إلَى الفُجُورِ، وإنّ الفُجُورَ يَهدِي إلَى النّارِ.
17– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Lying is not right, whether it be serious or in jest, nor is it right for a man to make a promise to his child and not fulfil it. Truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Heaven.’ [Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 8217]
18ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: وَيلٌ لِلذّي يُحَدِّثُ فَيكذِبُ ليُضحِكَ بهِ القَومَ! وَيلٌ لَهُ، وَيلٌ لَهُ!
18– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Woe unto he who speaks and lies in order to get people to laugh. Woe to him! Woe to him!’ [Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 8215]
19ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا يَجِدُ عَبدٌ طَعمَ الإيمانِ حَتّى يَترُكَ الكِذبَ هَزلَهُ وجِدَّهُ .
19– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘A servant will not experience the taste of faith until he leaves lying, both seriously and in jest.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 249, no. 14]
20ـ الإمامُ زَينُ العابِدينَ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ كانَ يقولُ لِوُلدِهِ ـ: اتَّقُوا الكِذبَ الصَّغيرَ مِنهُ والكَبيرَ، في كلِّ جِدٍّ وهَزلٍ، فإنّ الرجُلَ إذا كَذِبَ في الصَّغيرِ اجتَرَأَ علَى الكَبيرِ.
20– Imam Zayn al-`Aabidin (AS) would say to his children, ‘Be cautious of lies, both big and small, both seriously and in jest, for if a man tells a white lie, he will have the audacity to tell a big lie.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 235, no. 2]
الكَذِيبَةُ /White Lies

21ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: حَسبُكَ مِن الكِذبِ أن تُحَدِّثَ بكُلِّ ما سَمِعتَ.
21– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘It suffices as lying for you to repeat everything that you hear.’ [Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 2, p. 122]
22ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ - لَمّا سالتهُ أسماءُ بنتُ يَزيدَ: إن قالَت إحدَانا لِشَيءٍ تَشتَهيهِ: لا نَشتَهيهِ، أيُعَدُّ ذلِكَ كِذباً ؟ - : إنَّ الكِذبَ لَيُكتَبُ حَتّى يُكتَبَ الكِذيبَةُ كُذَيبَةً.
22– The Prophet (SAWA), when Asma’ bint Yazid asked him, ‘If one of us were to say about something we desired: ‘I do not desire it’, would this be considered lying?’ He replied, ‘A lie is written as a lie, and a white lie is written as a white lie.’ [al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 597, no. 32]
23ـ عن عبد الله بن عامِرٍ: دَعَتني اُمِّي يَوماً ورَسُولُ الله صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ قاعِدٌ في بَيتِنا، فَقالَت: هَا تَعالَ اُعطِكَ، فَقالَ لهَا رَسُولُ الله صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: ما أرَدتَ أن تُعطِيَهُ ؟ قالَت: أرَدتُ أن اُعطِيَهُ تَمراً، فَقالَ لَها رَسُولُ الله صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: أما إنّكِ لَو لَم تُعطِهِ شَيئاً كُتِبَت عَلَيكِ كِذبَةٌ.
23– `Aabdullah b. ‘Amir narrated, ‘My mother called me one day when the Prophet (SAWA) was sitting in our house, and she said, ‘Come here so I can give you something.’ The Prophet (SAWA) asked her, ‘What did you want to give him?’ She said, ‘I wanted to give him a date.’ So the Prophet (SAWA) said to her, ‘If you were not to have given him anything, it would have been written against you as a lie.’ [al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 598, no. 34]
ثَمَرَةُ الكِذبِ /The Consequence of Lying

24ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: إنّ الكِذبَ يُسَوِّدُ الوَجهَ .
24– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Lying blackens the face.’ [al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 596, no. 28]
25ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: الكِذبُ يَنقُصُ الرِّزقَ .
25– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Lying decreases sustenance.’ [al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 3, p. 596, no. 29]
26ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: ثَمَرَةُ الكِذبِ المَهانَةُ في الدُّنيا والعَذابُ في الآخِرَةِ .
26– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘The consequence of lying is humiliation in this world and punishment in the Hereafter.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4640]
27ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: كَثرَةُ الكِذبِ تُفسِدُ الدِّينَ وتُعظِمُ الوِزرَ .
27– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Excessive lying corrupts one’s religion and increases one’s burden [of sins].’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 7123]
28ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكِذبُ يُؤَدِّي إلَى النِّفاقِ.
28– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Lying leads to hypocrisy.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1181]
29ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: مَن كَذَبَ أفسَدَ مُرُوَّتَهُ.
29– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Whoever lies corrupts his valour.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1181]
30ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: مَن عُرِفَ بالكِذبِ قَلَّتِ الثِقَةُ بهِ، مَن تَجَنَّبَ الكِذبَ صُدِّقَت أقوالُهُ.
30– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Whoever is known to lie will be less trusted, and whoever refrains from lying will be trusted in what he says.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8888, 9181]
31ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: يَكتَسِبُ الكاذِبُ بِكِذبِهِ ثَلاثاً: سَخَطَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ، واستِهانَةَ النّاسِ بِهِ، ومَقتَ المَلائِكَةِ لَهُ.
31– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘A liar acquires three things with his lies: Allah’s discontentment with him, the people’s despising him, and the angels' hatred towards him.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 11039]
32ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: اعتِيادُ الكِذبِ يُورِثُ الفَقرَ .
32– Imam Ali (AS) ssaid, ‘Habitually lying brings about poverty.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 261, no. 36]
33ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا تَكذِبْ فَيَذهَبَ بَهاؤكَ .
33– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Do not lie, lest your radiance fade away.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 192, no. 8]
34ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إنَّ الرّجُلَ لَيَكذِبُ الكِذبَةَ فَيُحرَمُ بِها صَلاةَ اللَّيلِ .
34– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘When a man lies, he is deprived of the Night Prayer as a result.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 260, no. 29]
35ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إنَّ مِمّا أعانَ اللهُ (بهِ) علَى الكَذّابِينَ النِّسيانَ.
35– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘That which Allah helps [expose] the liars with is their own forgetfulness.’[meaning that forgetfulness becomes a way of exposing them, whereby they may lie about something and forget what it is they had said, and then say something contrary to what they had first said (as quoted from the footnote of the source reference)] [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 341, no. 15]
أقبَحُ الكِذبِ/The Worst of Lies

36ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: إنّه سَيَأتِي عَلَيكُم مِن بَعدِي زَمانٌ لَيسَ فِيهِ شَيءٌ أخفَى مِنَ الحَقِّ ولا أظهَرَ مِنَ الباطِلِ، ولا أكثَرَ مِنَ الكِذبِ علَى اللهِ ورَسُولِهِ.
36– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘There will come a time after me when there will be nothing more hidden than the truth and nothing more manifest than falsehood, and nothing worse than lies about Allah and His Messenger.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 147]
37ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: فَواللهِ لَأن أخِرَّ مِنَ السَّماءِ أو تَخطَفَني الطَّيرُ أحَبُّ إلَيَّ مِن أن أكذِبَ علَى رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ.
37– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘By Allah, falling from the sky or being snatched by a bird would be more beloved to me than to lie about the Messenger of Allah (SAWA).’ [Qurb al-Isnad, p. 133, no. 466]
38ـ عن أبي بصير: سَمِعتُ أبا عَبدِ اللهِ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ يَقُولُ: إنَّ الكِذبَةَ لَتُفَطِّرُ الصائِمَ، قُلتُ: وأيُّنا لا يَكُونُ ذلِكَ مِنهُ ؟ ! قالَ: لَيسَ حَيثُ ذَهَبتَ، إنَّما ذلِكَ الكِذبُ علَى اللهِ وعلَى رَسُولِهِ وعلىَ الأئمَّةِ صَلواتُ اللهِ عَلَيهِ وعَلَيهِم.
38– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘A lie breaks the fast of a fasting person.’ [Abu Basir said] I asked, ‘But who from among us does not lie?!’ The Imam replied, ‘It is not as you are thinking, rather it is lying about Allah, His Messenger, and the Imams, peace of Allah be upon him and them.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 340, no. 9]
39ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكِذبُ علَى اللهِ وعلَى رَسُولِهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ مِن الكَبائِرِ.
39– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Lying about Allah and His Messenger (SAWA) is a major sin.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 339, no. 5]
مَوارِدُ جَوازِ الكِذبِ /Instances Where Lying is Permitted

40ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكِذبُ مَذمُومٌ إلّا في أمرَينِ: دَفعِ شَرِّ الظَّلَمَةِ، وإصلاحِ ذاتِ البَينِ .
40– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Lying is disparaged except in two situations: to repel the evilness of oppressors and to reconcile between people.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 263, no. 48]
41ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الكَلامُ ثَلاثةٌ: صِدقٌ، وكِذبٌ، وإصلاحٌ بَينَ النّاسِ .
41– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Speech is of three kinds: the truth, the lie and the [means of] reconciling between people.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 341, no. 16]
42ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: المُصلِحُ لَيسَ بِكاذِبٍ .
42– Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘A reconciler is not a liar.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 210, no. 5]
التَّورِيَةُ /Dissemblance (tawriya)

43ـ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّیَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ: إنَّ في المَعارِيضِ ما يُغنِي الرّجُلَ العاقِلَ عَنِ الكِذبِ.
43– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The intelligent man can free himself from lying by using the contexts of his speech.’ [Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 8253]
44ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ ـ لمّا سَألَهُ عَبدُالله بنُ بُكَيرٍ عَنِ الرّجُلِ يُستَأذَنُ عَلَيهِ فَيقُولُ لِجاريَتِهِ قُولي: لَيسَ هُو هاهُنا ؟ ـ لا بَأسَ، لَيسَ بِكِذبٍ.
44– Imam al-Sadiq (AS), when `Aabdullah b. Bukayr asked him about a person who wants to visit him and he tells his servant to say: ‘He is not here’ [and whether that is permissible], replied, ‘There is no problem, it is not lying.’ [Mustazrafat al-Sara`ir, p. 137, no. 1]
استِماعُ الكِذبِ /Listening to a Lie

45ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: لا تُمَكِّنِ الغُواةَ مِن سَمعِكَ .
45– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Do not give your hearing [i.e. attention] to those who have gone astray.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 1]
46ـ سُئلَ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ عَنِ القُصّاصِ: أيَحِلُّ الإستِماعُ لَهُم ؟ فَقالَ: لا! وقالَ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: مَن أصغَى إلَى ناطِقٍ فَقَد عَبَدَهُ، فَإن كانَ النّاطِقَ عَنِ اللهِ، فَقَد عَبَدَ اللهَ، وإن كانَ النّاطِقَ عَن إبلِيسَ فَقَد عَبَدَ إبلِيسَ.
46– It is narrated in Bihar al-Anwar: Imam al-Sadiq (AS) was asked about storytellers and whether it is permitted to listen to them?’ He said, ‘No’, and he (AS) said, ‘Whoever listens to a speaker worships him. But if he speaks about Allah [and anything associated], then it is as if he is worshipping Allah, and if he speaks from or about Satan [and anything associated with him], then it is as if he is worshipping Satan.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 264, no. 1]
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