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 الصوم FASTING

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تاريخ التسجيل : 21/04/2016

مُساهمةموضوع: الصوم FASTING   الأربعاء أبريل 27, 2016 7:18 pm

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

يا أيُّها الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيكُمُ الصِّيامُ كَما كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ).۱

“O you who have faith! Prescribed for you is fasting as it was prescribed for those who were before you, so that you may be Godwary.”۲

۳۷۰۹.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : علَيكُم بِالصَّومِ؛ فإنّهُ مَحسَمَةٌ للعُرُوقِ ومَذهَبَةٌ للأشَرِ .۳

۳۷۰۹.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Fasting is incumbent upon you, for verily it severs the roots [of desires] and removes wildness.’۴

۳۷۱۰.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : لِكُلِّ شَي‏ءٍ زكاةٌ وزكاةُ الأبدانِ الصِّيامُ .۵

۳۷۱۰.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Everything has a zakat, and the zakat of the bodies is to fast.’۶

۳۷۱۱.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : صُومُوا تَصِحُّوا .۷

۳۷۱۱.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Fast and you will be healthy.’۸

۳۷۱۲.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : الصائمُ في عِبادَةِ اللَّهِ وإن كانَ نائماً على‏ فِراشِهِ، ما لَم يَغتَبْ مُسلِماً .۹

۳۷۱۲.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The fasting person is in constant worship of Allah, even when he is sleeping in his bed, as long as he does not backbite a fellow Muslim.’۱۰

۳۷۱۳.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : ما مِن صائمٍ يَحضُرُ قَوماً يَطعَمُونَ إلّا سَبَّحَت أعضاؤهُ، وكانَت صَلاةُ الملائكةِ علَيهِ، وكانَت صَلاتُهُم استِغفاراً .۱۱

۳۷۱۳.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘No sooner does a fasting person come upon a group of people eating than his limbs glorify Allah on his behalf, the angels invoke blessings on him, and this invocation of theirs is counted as seeking forgiveness on his behalf.’۱۲

۳۷۱۴.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : الصَّومُ جُنَّةٌ مِن النارِ .۱۳

۳۷۱۴.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Fasting acts as a shield from the Fire.’۱۴

۳۷۱۵.فاطمةُ الزَّهراءُ عليها السلام : فَرَضَ اللَّهُ الصِّيامَ تَثبِيتاً لِلإخلاصِ .۱۵

۳۷۱۵. Fatima al-Zahra’ (AS) said, ‘Allah made fasting obligatory in order to reinforce sincere devotion [to Him].’۱۶

۳۷۱۶.الإمامُ الباقرُ عليه السلام : الصِّيامُ والحَجُّ تَسكِينُ القُلوبِ .۱۷

۳۷۱۶.Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘The fast and the obligatory pilgrimage (hajj) pacify the heart.’۱۸

۳۷۱۷.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : إنَّ اللَّهَ تبارَكَ وتعالى‏ يقولُ : الصَّومُ لِي وأنا أجزِي علَيهِ .۱۹

۳۷۱۷.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Verily Allah, Blessed and most High, says, ‘The fast is solely for Me and I reward for it.’۲۰

۳۷۱۸.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : نَومُ الصائمِ عِبادَةٌ، وصَمتُهُ تَسبيحٌ، وعَمَلُهُ مُتَقَبَّلٌ، ودُعاؤهُ مُستَجابٌ .۲۱

۳۷۱۸.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘A fasting person’s sleep is worship, his silence is glorification of Allah, his good deeds are accepted, and his supplication is answered.’۲۲

۳۷۱۹.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : لِلصائمِ فَرحَتانِ : فَرحَةٌ عندَ إفطارِهِ، وفَرحَةٌ عندَ لِقاءِ رَبِّهِ .۲۳

۳۷۱۹.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘A fasting person has two sources of joy: his joy when he opens his fast and his joy at meeting his Lord.’۲۴

۳۷۲۰.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : مَن فَطَّرَ صائماً فلَهُ مِثلُ أجرِهِ .۲۵

۳۷۲۰.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Whoever offers a fasting person something with which to open his fast obtains the same reward as him.’۲۶

۳۷۲۱.الإمامُ العسكريُّ عليه السلام - لمّا سُئلَ عن عِلَّةِ وُجوبِ الصَّومِ - : لِيَجِدَ الغَنِيُّ مَسَّ الجُوعِ؛ فَيَمُنَّ على الفَقيرِ .۲۷

۳۷۲۱. Imam al-Askari (AS) was once asked the reasoning behind the obligation of fasting, to which he replied, ‘That the rich may experience the pain of hunger and bestow his generosity thereby upon the poor.’۲۸

۳۷۲۲.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : مَن صامَ يَوماً تَطَوُّعاً فلو اُعطِيَ مِل‏ءَ الأرضِ ذَهَباً ماوَفّى‏ أجرَهُ دُونَ يَومِ الحِسابِ .۱

۳۷۲۲.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He who fasts a single day of his own accord is rewarded to such an extent that even if he was to be given the whole world’s worth of gold for it, the reward he deserves would not be fulfilled until the Day of Resurrection.’۲

۳۷۲۳.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : مَن صامَ يَوماً تَطَوُّعاً ابتِغاءَ ثَوابِ اللَّهِ وَجَبَت لَهُ المَغفِرَةُ .۳

۳۷۲۳.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He who fasts a single day of his own accord, wishing to procure the reward of Allah, [Allah makes] his forgiveness mandatory.’۴

۳۷۲۴.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : مَن صامَ ثلاثةَ أيّامٍ مِن كُلِّ شَهرٍ كانَ كَمَن صامَ الدَّهرَ كلّه؛ لأنَّ اللَّهَ‏عَزَّوجلَّ يقولُ : (مَنْ جاءَ بالحَسَنَةِ فلَهُ عَشْرُ أمْثالِها)۵ . ۶

۳۷۲۴.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Whoever [voluntarily] fasts three days every month is considered as having fasted his whole life, for verily Allah, Mighty and Exalted, says, “Whoever brings virtue shall receive ten times its like.”۷۸

۳۷۲۵.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : إنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَصُومُ يَوماً تَطَوُّعاً يُرِيدُ بهِ ما عِندَ اللَّهِ عَزَّوجلَّ فَيُدخِلُهُ اللَّهُ بهِ الجَنَّةَ .۹

۳۷۲۵.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Verily when a man fasts a single day of his own accord, desiring thereby what is with Allah, Mighty and Exalted, Allah gives him entrance into Paradise because of it.’۱۰

۳۷۲۶.رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : يقولُ اللَّهُ عَزَّوجلَّ مَن لَم تَصُمْ جَوارِحُهُ عن مَحارِمِي فلا حاجَةَ لي في أن يَدَعَ طَعامَهُ وشَرابَهُ مِن أجلِي .۱

۳۷۲۶.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Allah, Mighty and Exalted, says, ‘He whose limbs do not fast by refraining from what I have prohibited, then there is no need for him to refrain from food and drink for My sake.’۲

۳۷۲۷.الإمامُ عليٌّ عليه السلام : الصِّيامُ اجتِنابُ المَحارِمِ كما يَمتَنِعُ الرجُلُ مِن الطَّعامِ والشَّرابِ .۳

۳۷۲۷.Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Fasting is just as much keeping away from prohibited things as it is keeping away from food and drink.’۴

۳۷۲۸.فاطمةُ الزَّهراءُ عليها السلام : ما يَصنَعُ الصائمُ بِصِيامِهِ إذا لَم يَصُنْ لِسانَهُ وسَمعَهُ وبَصَرَهُ وجوارِحَهُ ؟!۵

۳۷۲۸. Fatima al-Zahra’ (AS) said, ‘What is the fasting person doing with his fast if he is not guarding his tongue, his hearing, his sight and his limbs [from sins]?!۶

۳۷۲۹.الكافي عن محمّد بن مسلم : قالَ أبو عبدِ اللَّهِ عليه السلام : إذا صُمتَ فَلْيَصُمْ سَمعُكَ وبَصَرُكَ وشَعرُكَ وجِلدُكَ وعَدَّدَ أشياءَ غَيرَ هذا، وقالَ : لا يكونُ يومُ صَومِكَ كَيَومِ فِطرِكَ .۷

۳۷۲۹. Muhammad b. Muslim narrated, ‘Abu Abdillah (AS) [i.e. Imam al-Sadiq] said, ‘When you fast, your hearing must fast, along with your sight, your hair, your skin…’ and he listed a number of other things, and said, ‘The day that you fast must not be like a day that you do not fast.’۸

رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّه عليه وآله : الصَّومُ في الشِّتاءِ الغَنيمَةُ البارِدَةُ .۱

۳۷۳۰.The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Fasting in cold weather is an easy thing to do.’۲

۳۷۳۱.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : أفضَلُ الجِهادِ الصَّومُ في الحَرِّ .۳

۳۷۳۱.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘The best jihad is fasting in hot weather.’۴

۳۷۳۲.الإمامُ الصّادقُ عليه السلام : الشِّتاءُ رَبِيعُ المُؤمِنِ، يَطُولُ فيهِ لَيلُهُ فَيَستَعِينُ بهِ على‏ قِيامِهِ، ويَقصُرُ فيهِ نَهارُهُ فَيَستَعِينُ بهِ على‏ صِيامِهِ .۵

۳۷۳۲.Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Winter is the springtime of a believer – its nights are long, so he can make use of them to stand in prayer, whereas its days are short and he can make use of them to fast.’۶

http://www.hadith.net/en/post/33645/the-scale-of-wisdom-a-compendium-of-shia-hadith/p1160/
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